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Nature and Occurrence of Bullying
Psychosocial Risks Associated with Bullying
Bullying Prevention
Bullying Detection
Long Term Impact of Bullying


Bullying Prevention

There is an increasing number of research based bullying prevention strategies and programs developed in the last three decades following the fundamental research of Dan Olweus1-4. The most promising outcomes have been found with the implementation of whole-school intervention programs, but still the reduction in the prevalence of bullying they achieved is mild to moderate5-7.

Health professionals have the unique responsibility of promoting the development of community initiatives for the prevention of bullying and related health problems. This effort must include ongoing programs with elements of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. These programs should be supported and monitored by a public health policy with a strategy aimed at developing whole community awareness about bullying and the related health risks, prohibiting bullying and developing emotionally and physically safe environments in schools and workplace settings8-10.


1. Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do? Oxford: Blackwell.,+D.+(1993).+Bullying+at+school:+What+we+know+and+what+we+can+do?+Oxford:+Blackwell&hl=en&sa=X&ei=x2a1U9n6E4nIsAS01oLICg&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
2. Olweus, D. (1994). Bullying at school: Basic facts and effects of a school based intervention program. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35(7), 1171-1190.
3. Olweus, D. (2004). The Olweus Bullying Prevention Programme: Design and implementation issues and a new national initiative in Norway. In P. K. Smith, D. Pepler, & K. Rigby (Eds.), Bullying in schools: How successful can interventions be? (pp.13-36). Cambridge: Cambridge University.,+D.+Pepler,+%26+K.+Rigby+(Eds.),+Bullying+in+schools:+How+successful+can+interventions+be?+Cambridge:+Cambridge+University.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=X3S1U-biDOHLsAT3qoJQ&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
4. Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, Hazelden,
5. Smith PK, Pepler D, Rigby K Bullying in Schools: How Successful Can Interventions Be? Cambridge University Press, 2004,+Pepler+D,+Rigby+K+Bullying+in+Schools:+How+Successful+Can+Interventions+Be?++++++++++Cambridge+University+Press,+2004&hl=en&sa=X&ei=x5m1U7_kI4OpsASZ7IHgAg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
6. Vreeman RC, Carroll AE. A systematic review of school-based interventions to prevent bullying. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Jan;161(1):78-88.
7. Rigby K, Slee P, Interventions to reduce Bullying Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2008 Apr-Jun;20(2):165-83.
8. Srabstein J, Joshi P, Due P, Wright J, Leventhal B, Merrick J, Kim YS, Silber T, Kumpulainen K, Menvielle E, Riibner K. Prevention of public health risks linked to bullying: a need for a whole community approach. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2008 Apr-Jun;20(2):185-99.
9. Joint AACAP and APA Position Statement on Prevention of Bullying-Related Morbidity and Mortality, file:///C:/Users/SrabsJ/Downloads/ps2011_bullying%20(4).pdf